How's your FICO Score?
Since we live in an automated world, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage boils down to a single number.
Credit reporting agencies use your loan payment history in order to create this score.
The three agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following factors to build a score:
- Credit History - Have you had credit for years, or for just a short time?
- Payment History - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts? How much do you owe?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are weighted slightly differently depending on the formula being used. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. FICO scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher scores are better. Most home buyers likely find their scores falling above 620.
Your score greatly affects your interest rate
FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Can I improve my FICO score?
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Because the FICO score is entirely based on your lifelong credit history, it's hard to significantly improve the score with quick fixes. (Of course you must appeal incorrect items on your credit report.)
Getting your FICO score
Before you can improve your credit score, you have to know your score and ensure that the credit reports from each reporting agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the company that invented the original FICO score, sells scores on its website: myFICO.com. It's inexpensive to get your FICO from all three reporting agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are helpful information and tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once a year from all three agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting it is fast and inexpensive.
Now that you have all the facts, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the most favorable mortgage.
Curious about credit scores? Call us: (440) 234-9660.