How's your FICO Score?
Because we live in a computer-driven world, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage boils down to a single number.
This score is built by credit reporting agencies. They use the payment history of all of your loans: credit cards, mortgages, car/boat loans and others.
The three agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. The original FICO model was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While the formulas vary from one agency to another, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following to build a score:
- Credit History - Have you had credit for many years, or for a short time?
- History of Payments - Do you pay your bills on time?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many credit card accounts do you have, and how much do you owe on them?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have lenders pulled your credit for the purpose of lending you money?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher scores are better. Most home buyers probably find their FICO scores falling above 620.
Your credit score greatly affects your monthly payment
FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Higher scores indicate you are a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Can I improve my FICO score?
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Since the credit score is entirely based on a lifetime of credit history, it is difficult to make a significant improvement in the number with quick fixes. (Of course you can and should have incorrect items removed from your credit report.)
Know your FICO score
Before you can improve your FICO score, you must get your score and make sure that the reports from each reporting agency are correct. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as credit reports from all three reporting agencies. Also available are information and online tools that help you improve your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once per year from the three major agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Armed with this information, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Curious about your credit score? Call us at (440) 234-9660.