Ratio of Debt to Income
Lenders use a ratio called "debt to income" to determine your maximum monthly payment after your other monthly debts have been paid.
How to figure the qualifying ratio
Typically, conventional mortgages require a qualifying ratio of 28/36. An FHA loan will usually allow for a higher debt load, reflected in a higher (29/41) ratio.
The first number in a qualifying ratio is the maximum percentage of gross monthly income that can be applied to housing costs (this includes loan principal and interest, private mortgage insurance, hazard insurance, property taxes, and homeowners' association dues).
The second number is the maximum percentage of your gross monthly income that should be spent on housing expenses and recurring debt together. Recurring debt includes things like auto loans, child support and monthly credit card payments.
- Gross monthly income of $8,000 x .28 = $2,240 can be applied to housing
- Gross monthly income of $8,000 x .36 = $2,280 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses
With a 29/41 (FHA) qualifying ratio
- Gross monthly income of $8,000 x .29 = $2,320 can be applied to housing
- Gross monthly income of $8,000 x .41 = $3,280 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses
If you'd like to calculate pre-qualification numbers with your own financial data, use this Mortgage Loan Pre-Qualification Calculator.
Remember these ratios are only guidelines. We will be happy to help you pre-qualify to determine how much you can afford.
Northeast Bancorp of America, Inc. can walk you through the pitfalls of getting a mortgage. Give us a call: (440) 234-9660.